Here are three tried-and-true tips to keep in mind when you’re writing your multiple-choice questions:
1. Opt for the question format over the incomplete-statement format.
Less Effective: The capital of Ohio is ______.
More Effective: What is the capital of Ohio?
2. Frame your questions in a real-life context to encourage higher-order thinking.
Less Effective: Which of the following items is categorized as a fruit?
More Effective: John had a snack of two asparagus shoots, a tomato, some cabbage, some kale, and a carrot. What fruit did John eat?
3. Make all of your options similar lengths.
Keen test takers look for the shortest or longest option as a shortcut for identifying the correct answer. If your correct answer is a long or short sentence, try to keep the rest of your options equally so.